Thursday, February 6, 2020

Wall Street Journal Opinion Article Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Wall Street Journal Opinion Article - Essay Example This is because this could automatically affect the GDP of the countries in which the investors originate from. The greatest effect was felt from the withdrawal of the world’s super power-America’s bank-Merrill Linch. The bank had anticipated a GDP rise of about 7.6% but due to the drawback they were now expecting a rise of about 7.2% (Ellison 74).They therefore withdrew from China so as to maintain a steady economy in their country. However the bank’s management stated that they did not expect China to experience financial strain or even suffer a drop in their economy as a result of the drawback (Ellison 78). They also added that the Chinese government has the opportunity to stabilize their economy despite the unfolding that took place. However, there is still risk of these potential investors to withdraw from the business as it is expected that the growth forecast of Nomura Company will drop to 7.3% from7.5%.The CNBC further presumed that this may pose risk to the annual target of the company that was at 7.4% (Ellison 67).Conversely from a press release of an official government statement, investors were assured that the country would still be able to maintain their economic growth within reasonable limits despite the drawback that had occurred. The government official added that the debt risks of the county were manageable and that they would have no instances of default despite there being evidence that one company had defaulted (Ellison 69). According to data obtained from a survey conducted by the Fact sheet, it was noted that since July 2010, this was the first time that copper products were being sold below $ 3a pound (Ellison 76). This is critical to investors who have engaged in the business as this is termed as spoilt business on their part. This is because they cannot be able to sell their products at high prices

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Cancun Highlights Essay Example for Free

Cancun Highlights Essay Beaches Naturally, the beaches are the biggest draw in Cancun with their soft, white sand and brilliant turquoise-blue water. Cancuns Hotel Zone is really just one long beach separated from the mainland by a system of lagoons. The dazzling white sand of Cancuns beaches is light in weight and cool underfoot even in the blazing sun. Thats because it is composed not of silica but rather of microscopic plankton fossils called disco-aster. Cenotes It is estimated that there are more than 6000, although only 2400 are registered. All the fresh water rivers are underground. Being porous, caverns and caves formed where the fresh water collects the cenotes or water sinkholes. The water that gathers in these subterranean cenotes is a crystal clear turquoise color with a very pleasant temperature of 78 ° F (25.5 º C). The stalactites and stalagmites that form inside the cenotes are true natural works of art. In many, holes in the ceiling allow the sunlight to filter into the cenotes, giving the scene a magical feeling. The cenotes of Yucatà ¡n are a natural treasure that should be seen by all, keeping in mind that they should be protected so that man does not destroy in a few days what nature took millions of years to create. Adventure Parks Xplor is a unique underground world, with 7 amazing circuits that invite you to rediscover your emotions and senses within nature. Dare to ride our 13 zip lines among the Caribbean’s lively nature and enjoy refreshing water landings and amazing suspension bridges; take a trip through the jungle on unstoppable amphibious vehicles, explore an underground paradise where you can swim surrounded by amazing stalactites and stalagmites, discover a matchless raft route across stunning subterranean caverns while paddling with your own hands, and to complete your feat, a nutritious and light buffet, that will recharge your energy. Hidden worlds Hidden Worlds is the Yucatan Peninsulas best known location for exploring the fascinating world of cenotes. Its system of underground caverns and waterways lay hidden within dense tropical foliage over many centuries. Experience the Jungle! This is not a Disneyland tour, it is truly in the Mayan Jungle. Tours take off at Hidden Worlds Every hour. You will Skycycle, Jungle Zipline, Rappel into a cenote, Splash down Zipline, Ride the Avatar (a roller coaster Zipline) and Snorkel through the most famous underground cave system in the world. Nature Parks Xcaret It was opened in December 1990 as eco-archeological parkwhere visitors from all over the world can enjoy the splendor of Mexico’s biodiversity and cultural heritage. Due to its great success the park has been preserved with an environmental management system. Xcaret park * Under ground Rivers * Beach, Lagoon and pools * Tropic Jungle Trail * Main plaza * House of whispers * Rotating Scenic Tower Attractions * Butterfly Pavilion Butterfly Pavillion * Regional Wildlife * Breeding Farm * Coral Reeff Aquarium * Living Museum of Ochirds and Mushroom Farm. Most Important Accommodations Resorts and hotels The world class all-inclusive resorts in Cancun, Playa del Carmen, Cozumel and the Riviera Maya offer a variety of activities, entertainment, and cuisine, all for one price. No hidden costs. You pay for your all-inclusive accommodations, airfare, and transfers, and you dont have to worry about carrying your wallet around with you everywhere you go, and you dont have to budget once you get there. Its economical, and makes for a worry free vacation. Even taxes and tips are included in the rates. Cancun Tower A unique architectural concept where each condominium has absolute privacy and large facades, having a spectacular and incomparable view of Cancun city, the hotel zone, the spectacular golf course and the beautiful Caribbean Sea. One of Cancun Towersapos; most exclusive characteristics is that all the 3 bedroom units have direct elevator service to each condominium, one of few developments that offers the privacy you need. Restaurants and Night-Clubs Mexican Food. La Parrilla Is the most traditional restaurant in Cancun, recognized for its fine Mexican food. Since 1975, La Parrilla has rescued the dishes and traditional recipes, which combines with art, tequila and mariachi music, bringing the guest a unique Mexican experience. This Mexican Restaurant is a typical family restaurant, full of color and folklore. Party atmosphere and decor with arches, fountains and balconies are reminiscent of the old Mexican haciendas. The casual ambient, friendly and cheerful harmony with the very Mexican mariachi. 35 years of exquisite taste, tradition and Mexican music. Non-Mexican Food. Chocolate City Chocolate City is a family restaurant with a capacity of 210; it operates as a FAMILY RESTAURANT FUN BAR and offers its customers delicious delights, as well as exciting entertainment. Upon entering, guests can enjoy a spectacular chocolate fountain that holds up to 1000 kilograms of liquid chocolate that falls from one plate to another. Night-Clubs Coco Bongo With it ´s 1,800 people capacity is located in the heart of the bustling hotel zone, the mutli-level seating and nightly Rock and Roll and Salsa bands make coco bongo the most exciting and unique club. Combine all this with Coco Bongo’s extraordinary musical mix. Get ready for flying acrobats, bar top conga lines, movie clips projected on to high tech video screens, live bands; and more shows that you can imagine. History and Culture Coba The archaeological site of Coba has increasingly become more visited by national and international tourism. One of the main attraction to visitors of Coba is the Ancient Pyramid which unlike Chichen Itzas Kukulkan Pyramid, is still open for the public to climb its 120 steps up to the top of the site. Additional to this, Coba has several Tour operators with excursions available to this site from almost any point within the closest and top Touristic destinations of Cancun and its Riviera Maya. Tulum Tulum is a beautiful village on the south end of the Rivera Maya that enjoys a deep rooted history in the important culture of the ancient Mayan people. In recent years,Tulum has flourished in trades that stem directly from the skills utilized by the ancestors of the area. To appreciate the history and making of Tulum, one must understand the history of the Mayan people. Chichen-Itza it is one of the more impressive pyramids in the world With the popularity of Cancun and vicinity for both tourists, and cruise ships, well, there are only so many places to go, and Chichen Itza is on the top of the list. This place is known for the vast history of the Maya, their advanced mathematical knowledge, their incredible understanding of the solar system.

Monday, January 20, 2020

My Big Sister :: College Admissions Essays

My Big Sister She was so concentrated on her task that at first she did not hear the quiet voice behind her. In one hand she held an enormous clear plastic bag, and with the other she was picking scarves off a display rack and haphazardly stuffing them into the bag. She worked quickly because after an hour in the town hall, she was ready to head home. An hour of speeches read in a passionate monotone had left her feeling a strange apathy. She usually enjoyed the annual Homeless Vigil, and had worked very hard to collect the hats and scarves she now treated with such indifference. Standing alone on the now empty stage and gazing out into the rows of decaying wooden chairs, she tried to imagine the people her work would help, but found she didn't really care. All she could think about was getting out of that old building and going somewhere with central heating. With a sudden clarity, she realized that she didn't want to be a part of this farce anymore. What did it mean if a few middle class families got together once a year to be preached at by a bunch of tired social service workers? They listened patiently for an hour, then donated a few bucks to assuage their consciences. They drove home in their foreign cars to their nice two story houses and ate a hot meal, confident that they had paid their dues to humanity. If they could be so easily satisfied, so could she. "Excuse me, ma'am?" Finally the voice got her attention, and she turned around. The small voice belonged to an equally small boy shifting nervously from foot to foot. "What is it, Hon?" she managed a tired smile. "I heard your speech tonight, about all those kids who don't have anywhere to live. You said that you were collecting clothes and stuff to keep them warm." "That's right. This time of year it is especially hard for them.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Human resource is the most important asset for an organisation Essay

We know that manpower is playing a very important role in the entire organization as well as in economic. Why is the manpower very affecting toward every organization? Human resource can be defined as labor as well as all the employees within the entire organization regardless of rank. Human resource is a resource provided by labor. Peoples whoever working in a company consider employee including of higher management such as general manager and operation manager. For every organization needed labor in order to maintain the productivity of every sector. Meanwhile, organization must require professional to manage the labor, we call that human resource management. Human resource management is to maintain and manage in the labor sector of an organization. Human resource department is a group of professional that doing labor management such as recruitment, labor welfare, academic and research of staff training, management of performance appraisal of staff, benefits and compensation and em ployee relationship. When comes to human resource, it is also discuss about productivity in every sector of an organization. Nowadays, we understand that technology is growing rapidly in past decade, it brings huge impact for every sector including of human resource. It could be in positive and negative. We understand from Jared Lewis (n.d), some of the areas in human resource had significantly impacted by technology such as recruiting, training and data storage. Recruitment traditionally relies on publication on multimedia such as newspaper and poster. Since the technology was growing in past decade, we are realize that job vacancy are lesser appear in newspaper or street poster but Internet. Now people are more easy to seek opportunity in one platform which is Job website. I believe everyone has been through some training. Read more:  What are Human Resources? We could realize that most of the training was conducted with technology. In human resource, HR professional could be more efficient to reach every single employee by using technology such as training and access of personal particular of employees. On the other hand, some of the industries have more negative impact in human resource. Example in production industry, we know that machines provide efficiency and productivity; in the same time human resource are affected. Contrary, some of the industry required more human resource such as retail and food & beverage industry. For my point of view, technology critically impacted human resource sector. However, in certain way that human resource still irreplaceable. In economic, people study different impacts toward the economic growth; one of the critical factor could affect economic is unemployment. As we know Singapore is a country with no natural resources. Report from UNESCO Singapore in 2008, Singapore treated human capital is the most valuable asset for the country. Within an organizations. Human resource is also one of the most important assets. How could human capital affect the entire organizations? As we know people manage the entire system of an organization. In every sector of an organization needed human capital in order to process. Therefore, we realize high turn over rate of a company is not a good sign. Labor keep changing within a company lower the productivity; labor low confident and low morale brings huge impact in productivity. Some of the companies realize this valuable asset has high potential growth opportunity toward the company. We could see most of the company really taking care of their labor, which they will implement, benefits or provide allowance for their workers such as attendance allowance, best worker of the month rewards. Some of the small enterprise may also provide company trip as well. As we know that all above benefits and allowance had given to the workers is to maintain high morale and encourage workers; this is of the common strategy used in human resource management. Beside reward, there are some strategy was implemented to sustain low turn over rate such as sending employee to training and skill development courses to improve in quality of work force. Not necessary only HR department uses human resource management. In every single department in a company needed human resource management, which handled by the head of department. In order to ensure the operation well progress, superior have to be manageable and interactive to the subordinates. Compare to past decade, we realize that most of the industry were computerized and it brought huge impact toward labor force. However, human resource is still very important in every sector. Human resource is flexible, high potential of growth and manageable. As we know, in every  sector needed people to operate and ensure the operation flow going smooth including machine and computer operation. Changes in human source could affect every single corner in an organization. Nowadays, companies are more concern the issue of human resource; companies are trying as best as they can to sustain low turn over rate and improve quality of labor in order to bring the company towards growth. In every field, human resource is one of the keys to success and we realize human resource is the most valuable and important asset to the organization.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Psychological Essay Example Pdf - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 10 Words: 2935 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Introduction The psychological contract (TPC) was first coined by Argyris (1960), who observed an unwritten agreement existed between employer and employee, summarising that staff performed to a higher level if they received fair wages and had a degree of autonomy in the manner in which they worked. TPC consists of expectations, beliefs and implied obligations; none of which are written in the tangible contract between the employer and employee (Schein, 1985). Rousseau (1995, P.9) developed this idea and defined TPC as individual beliefs, shaped by the organisation, regarding the terms of an exchange agreement between the individual and their organisation. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Psychological Essay Example Pdf" essay for you Create order This essay will proceed to discuss the importance for organisations of managing the psychological contract (TPC) and the implications of a breach. The essay will move on to critically analyse the difficulties organisations face in managing TPC, with particular reference to those resultant of the shift from the traditional to the contemporary employment relationship. This essay concludes with a brief summary of the importance of managing TPC and the key challenges which arise when attempting to do so. The importance of managing the psychological contract Fulfilment of TPC from employers has been proven to result in reciprocation from employees, leading to positive organisational attitudes, affective commitment (Tekleab Taylor, 2000) and reduced turnover intention (Montes Zweig, 2009), which lowers an organisations recruitment and training costs, therefore it increases its efficiency (Wilton, 2013). A balanced PC is linked with organisational citizenship behaviour (Decktop, Mangel and Cirka, 1999) and high employee engagement meaning the employee has a high level of commitment to the organisation and its values, and exhibits willingness to help their colleagues (CIPD, 2009). Due to TPC consisting of unarticulated beliefs, expectations and perceived obligations breaches are not uncommon (Wilton, 2013) as neither party can ever fully know what the other expects of them (Cullinane and Dundon, 2006). Social Exchange theory undergirds TPC postulating that employees and employers engage in exchanges with each reciprocating the contr ibution of the other (Blau, 1964). In line with the theory of reciprocity (Gouldner, 1960), when employers do not fulfil their implied or understood obligations a breach of TPC can occur, resulting in the employee reciprocating by withholding their effort from work (Bal, Chiaburu, Jansen, 2010), negative organisational attitudes (Piccoli and De Witte, 2015), reduced performance (Restubog, Bordia, Bordia, 2011) and workplace deviance (Bordia, Restubog, Tang, 2008). Many organisations attempt to manage TPC in order to mitigate these potentially harmful effects. A breach of TPC can occur for reasons such as implementation of large scale organisational change often without employee consultation (Gerber et al, 2012). Resistance to change can be extremely problematic for organisations, and the adjustment period to such change can cause vast decreases in efficiency leading to loss of competitive advantage (Dawson and Andriopoulos, 2014). Heuvel, Schalk and Assen (2015) found organisa tions which communicated their full intentions of change with employees implemented large scale organisational change with lower levels of resistance, due to perceived fulfilment of TPC. This suggests balancing TPC can reduce the resistance to change many employees experience and help to mitigate the potential for loss of competitive advantage. A study by Atkinson (2007) discovered the expectations within TPC widely vary between individuals and organisations, Restubog et al, (2015) found that an aggressive and competitive culture within an organisation exacerbated any breach of TPC and increased the likelihood of employees actively seeking revenge. This suggests that organisations requiring their employees to behave in a highly competitive manner are at greater risk of negative effects from TPC breach and should take necessary measures to minimise the likelihood of this occurrence (Bankins, 2015), as the effects on the organisation will likely be more damaging than if the employe e were to simply withhold their effort or decide to leave the firm. Rousseau (1995) implied that within TPC the employer was the independent variable and the employee the dependant variable, believing the employment relationship to be dependant on the actions of the employer and their ability to recognise and meet the expectations of the employee, however this proved contentious. Theorists such as Guest and Conway (2002) advance that TPC is subject to both parties meeting the others expectations rather than just the employer meeting the employees, and concluded that the state of TPC is dependent on mutual trust, fairness and delivery of the deal. The following section will discuss the ways in which organisations can attempt to manage TPC and the difficulties that arise in doing so, with particular reference to the contemporary employment relationship. The challenges of managing the psychological contract The dynamics of the labour market have constantly changed and evolved over time (Wilton, 2013), in particular the rise in organisational demand for flexibility has resulted in a paradigm shift from an exchange of job security in return for organisational loyalty to one in which experience is offered to the individual in exchange for temporary service to improve their future employability (Adamson, Dochetry and Viney 1998). Resultantly the contemporary employment relationship can be seen as much more individualised, with Rousseau (2004) terming this as a shift from a relational to a transactional employment relationship. The new PC consists of employee assurances to work hard and be flexible and employers obligation to provide adequate pay, opportunities for skill development and interesting work (CIPD, 2009). A prevalent issue in managing TPC is known as multiple agency (Hui, Lee and Wang, 2015). This refers to employees receiving different messages from the different managers t hey come into contact with within the organisation. It is therefore imperative for an organisation to ensure that they manage to maintain congruency in their messages throughout their organisation (Lapalme, Simard and Tremblay, 2011). Wilton (2013) suggests that an organisation must utilise a mechanism through which clear communication can be ensured between employer and employee in order to explain managerial decisions and give a platform for employees to voice their opinions. This is in line with Guest and Conways (2002) findings that employee voice in relation to managerial decisions positively influenced TPC. Internal social media is an increasingly popular method for firms to improve internal communications within their organisation and promote the brand internally in order to positively influence TPC (Mazzei, 2010). Ironically the implementation of internal social media is exactly the type of large scale organisational change which, without the correct communications could enc ounter significant resistance to change (Dawson and Andriopoulos, 2014) and result in a PC breach. Critics of social media note that it is impossible to regulate (Jones, 2015), as such employees could use this platform to exact revenge for a perceived breach of TPC in a more public and far reaching way than before, so organisations should exact caution when implementing this as a strategy for managing TPC. Organisational policies which are adopted in the favour of the workforce will likely positively effect TPC and result in improved workforce efficiency. This systematic adaption of a corporations policies to improve their attractiveness as an employer is known as employer branding (Taylor, 2005), however while this can positively affect TPC, organisations perusing this strategy must be aware that those with stronger employer branding must work harder to maintain TPC due to raised employee expectations (Bains, 2015). Bowen (2015) cites generational differences in comfortability util ising social media platforms, and so using internal social media to give employees a voice could potentially alienate some of the workforce, which if not addressed, could result in a breach of TPC. In order to mitigate this risk, training could be provided on the platform, which will likely have a positive impact on TPC as it is in line with the new psychological contract which emphasises the employer providing training and new skills for employees (CIPD, 2009). A challenge for organisations attempting to manage TPC within this contemporary relationship is the generational diversity of the workforce. (Lyons,and Kuron, 2014). Lub et al (2015) found that different generations held very different expectations of their employers obligation and their own personal contribution to that organisation, suggesting that a multi-generational cohort solution offers the most effective way to maintain a positive psychological contract with the workforce. In countries with an aging workforce like the United Kingdom the generational diversity is likely to be extremely high (Hertel and Zacher, 2015), making it costly and time consuming for management to implement policies to balance the psychological contract for all. This could therefore constitute an area for further research, in order to realise the most efficient way to collectively manage the expectations of such a diverse workforce. It is not only generation diversity which has increased within the modern employment relationship, there has also been rapid growth of a cultural diversity within the global workforce due to the phenomena of globalisation resulting in what is known as the global workforce (Ryan and Wessel, 2015). Some commentators argue that many of the theoretical frameworks within HRM are underpinned by western cultural values, and that perspective which much of the HRM discourse is written from does not hold a universally applicable view of employment attitudes to authority or risk (Yi et al, 2015). W estwood, Sparrow and Leung (2001) found the dynamics of TPC of junior and senior management from Hong Kong proved, from a western perspective, to be extremely one sided. It seemed the underlying sense of duty and respect which is deep-seated in Chinese culture is reflected in the attitude of the employee, who believes they are more obligated to their employer than their employer is to them. This is in direct contradiction of the western findings of Rousseau (2004) who stated that the employer was the dependant variable and the employee the independent, highlighting the cultural disparity in how TPC is viewed. Not only is the holistic view of TPC likely to be different depending on the cultural context, there are likely to be international differences in the extent to which employees respond to a breach of TPC (Lucas, Lupton and Mathison, 2006), not only making it harder for managers to balance the psychological contract within the confines of foreign cultures, but also making it mor e difficult for management to predict what retaliation, if any, is likely to occur. A huge challenge facing managers can occur when they are of a different cultural profile to the employees they are managing, due to the commonality of difference in both motivation and interpretation of the parties (Thomas, Au and Ravlin, 2003). As a result it is recommended that organisations with cross cultural management practices give time to understanding the complexities of TPC within their workforce, and work hard to ensure that it can remain balanced. Conclusion The importance of an organisation managing the psychological contract within a western cultural context is well documented within HRM discourse, allowing organisations to reap the rewards of improved employee relations (Tekleab Taylor, 2000), and mitigate the risks associated with PC breach (Piccoli and De Witte, 2015). If an organisation does not manage TPC negative work behaviours such as withholding effort or employee deviance could become typical for the organisations workforce (Bankins, 2015) causing loss of competitive advantage. The main challenges with managing TPC in the contemporary employment relationship stem from the widening generational and cultural diversity experienced in many workforces due to the global aging population and globalisation. HRM discourse is primarily based on western cultural assumptions, many of which do not hold true in other cultural contexts (Wilton, 2013). This presents challenges for managers working outside of their own culture or wor king within a multicultural society. Due to the unwritten and unspoken nature of TPC any organisation would be advised to adequately research the expectations of employees in any foreign context in which they plan to engage, in order to avoid discrepancy. It can be argued that HRM practices developed within the western culture offer ineffective ways to manage labour in divergent cultural settings, constituting a possible area for further research. The growing generational diversity of the global workforce presents difficulty for organisations seeking to implement policies to manage TPC (Cogin, 2012), due to differing generational expectations. Thus to effectively manage such a diverse workforce time must be taken to individualise TPC (Lub et al, 2015). Managing TPC in the individualised manner required of a culturally and generationally diverse global workforce has the potential to be both financially and time intensive. Organisations should therefore analyse the potential imp lications of non-effective management of TPC before adopting this policy. Consideration should be given to the individual organisational culture, as in organisations with a more competitive and aggressive culture the implications for not managing TPC can be extremely serious, with heightened likelihood of employee revenge (Restubog et al, 2015). Such an organisation would therefore be ill advised to not pursue a policy of PC management. References Adamson, S., Dochetry, N., and Viney, C., (1998). The meanings of career revisited. British Journal of Management. 9 (1), 251-259. Atkinson, C., (2007). Trust and the psychological contract. Employee Relations. 29 (3), 227-246. Argyris, C., (1960). Understanding Organizational Behaviour. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press. Bankins, S., (2015). A process perspective on psychological contract change: Making sense of, and repairing, psychological contract breach and violation through employee coping actions. Journal of Organizational Behaviour. 3 (1), 1-17 Bains, G., (2015). Empirical evidence on employer branding and its impact on the formation of psychological contract. JIMS8M: The Journal of Indian Management Strategy. 20 (2), 28-35. Bal, P. M., Chiaburu, D. S., and Jansen, P. G. W., (2010). Psychological contract breach and work performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 25, 252-273. Blau, P. M., (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York, NY: John Wiley S ons. Bordia, P., Restubog, S. L. D., and Tang, R. L., (2008). When employees strike back: Investigating the mediating mechanisms between psychological contract breach and workplace deviance. Journal of Applied Psychology. 93 (1), 1104-1117. Bowen, J. T., (2015). Common Themes across Social Media Research. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes. 7 (3), 46-58. Chartered Institute of Personal Development (CIPD) (2009). Employee engagement factsheet. London: CIPD. -. Cogin, J., (2012). Are generational differences in work values fact or fiction? Multi-country evidence and implications. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 23 (3), 2268-2294. Cullinane, N., and Dundon, T., (2006). The psychological contract, a critical review. International journal of management reviews. 8 (2), 113-129. Dawson, P., and Andriopoulos, C., (2014) Managing change, creativity and innovation. London: Sage. Decktop, J., Mangel, R., and Cirka, C., (1999). Getting more tha n you paid for: Organisational citizenship behaviour and pay-for-performance plans. Academy of Management Journal. 42 (4), 420-428. Gerber, M., Grote, G., Geiser, C., and Raeder, S., (2012). Managing psychological contracts in the era of the new career. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 21 (2), 195-221. Gouldner, A. W., (1960). The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary statement. American Sociological Review. 25 (2), 161-178. Guest, D.E., and Conway, N., (2002). Communicating the psychological contract: an employer perspective, Human Resource Management Journal. 12 (2), 132-149. Hertel, G., and Zacher, H., (2015). Managing the aging workforce. Handbook of Industrial, Work, Organizational Psychology. 2 (1), 1-93. Heuvel, S., Schalk, R., and Assen, M., (2015) Does a Well-Informed Employee Have a More Positive Attitude Toward Change? The Mediating Role of Psychological Contract Fulfilment, Trust, and Perceived Need for Change. Journal of applied behav ioural science. 51 (3). 401 422 Hui, C., Lee, C., and Wang, H., (2015). Organizational inducements and employee citizenship behaviour: The mediating role of perceived insider status and the moderating role of collectivism. Human Resource Management. 54 (3), 439-436. Jones, J. (2015). 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Promoting active communication behaviours through internal communication.. Corporate Communications: An International Journal. 15 (3), 221-234. Montes, S. D., and Zweig, D., (2009). Do promises matter? An exploration of the role of promises in psychological contract breach. The Journal of Applied Psychology. 94 (5), 1243-1260. Piccoli, B., and De Witte, H., (2015). Job insecurity and emotional exhaustion: Testing psychological contract breach versus distributive injustice as indicators of lack of reciprocity. Work Stress. 1 (1), 1-18 Restubog, S., Bordia, P., and Bordia, S., (2011). Investigating the role of psychological contract breach on career success: Convergent evidence from two longitudinal stu dies. Journal of Vocational Behaviour. 7 (1), 428-437 Restubog, S., Zagenczyk, T., Bordia, P., Bordia, S., and Champan, G., (2015). If You Wrong Us, Shall We Not Revenge? Moderating Roles of Self-Control and Perceived Aggressive Work Culture in Predicting Responses to Psychological Contract Breach. Journal of Management. 41 (4), 1132-1154. Rousseau, D.M., (1995) Psychological contracts in organizations: Understanding written and unwritten agreements. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Rousseau, D. M., (2004). Psychological contracts in the workplace: Understanding the ties that motivate. The Academy of Management Executive. 18 (1), 120-127 Ryan, A. M., and Wessel, J. L., (2015). Implications of a changing workforce and workplace for justice perceptions and expectations. Human Resource Management Review. 25 (2), 162-175. Schein, E. H., (1985). Increasing organisational effectiveness through better human resource planning and development. Readings in Human Resource Management, 376. Taylor, S., (2005). People Resourcing. 3rd ED. London. Chartered Institute of Personnel Development. Tekleab, A. G., and Taylor, M. S., (2000). Easing the pain: Determinants and effects of psychological contract violations. Paper presented at the Academy of Management meeting, Toronto, Canada. Thomas, D., Au, K., and Ravlin, E., (2003). Cultural variation and the psychological contract. Journal of organisational behaviour. 24 (1), 451-471. Westwood, R., Sparrow, P., and Leung, A., (2001). Challenges to the psychological contract in Hong Kong. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 12 (4), 621-651. Wilton, N., (2013) An Introduction to Human Resource Management. 2nd. London: SAGE. ISBN Yi, X., Ribbens, B., Fu, L., and Cheng, W., (2015). Variation in career and workplace attitudes by generation, gender, and culture differences in career perceptions in the United States and China. Employee Relations, 37 (1), 66-82.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Internet Censorship Isnt Necessary Essay - 1283 Words

Internet Censorship Isnt Necessary Fear of chaos cannot justify unwarranted censorship of free speech (Quittner). This quotation came from a speech made by Vice President Al Gore, who was addressing the graduating class of 1996 from The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This quotation expresses his viewpoint on this subject of censorship. Censorship has always been an issue in the world. What exactly is censorship? A censor is one who is authorized to examine books, films, or other materials and to remove or suppress what is considered morally, politically, or otherwise objectionable. Censorship is the act of removing this questionable material. Understandably, it is illegal to yell fire in a crowded room or use†¦show more content†¦This act outlaws obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy or indecent communication on the Internet (Bender). This movement has granted censors the right to pick at the Internet as they please. Unfortunately for society, this act was passed by an admittedly Net-illiterate Congress (Quittner). The problems with the Internet and censorship are caused mainly by the pornographic sites. Parents do not want their children to see smut. To prevent this, many believe that these sites should not be allowed on the Internet. In a society where a photo of a nude, pregnant Demi Moore on the cover of a major magazine is considered acceptable to be seen by millions, it is hard to believe that some of the pictures on the Internet remain unacceptable. Censorship has now found an unwelcome home along the information superhighway. Instead of destroying every site that may appear offensive to some, society needs to look more at preventative measures to stop the viewing of sites by young children and teenagers. This would allow for viewing of these sites by a more mature audience. Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press (First Amendment of the U. S. Constitution). Democracy is based on the idea that only when people are free to express their views openly can they govern themselves effectively (Bender). By not allowing the posting of questionable sites, the Congress is in direct violation of theShow MoreRelatedCensorship Of The World Wide Web1326 Words   |  6 Pagespowerful tool, and too much of it will make any government nervous. Censorship of information has had a long history throughout the world. In ancient China for example, censorship was considered a legitimate instrument for regulating the moral and political life of the population (Newth). Even today, the Chinese government has full authority to censor anything on the web. Western societies also have a long history of censorship. The origin of the term censor can be traced to the office of censorRead MoreEssay on Censorship of Music1406 Words   |  6 PagesCensorship of Music In todays society, all types of music artists are expressing their views, opinions and feelings in their songs about what they see and what they know. This is on of the great things about this country, the freedom to express yourself. It is not fair, nor is it constitutional that music should be censored in anyway. It is not only rap music trying to be censored it is in all types of music. They are taking away their rights and it isnt fair. As reported in the New York TimesRead MoreFeminism and Pornography: Differing Views1221 Words   |  5 Pagesfeminist agenda and this may be because of a division in feminist thought with regards to pornography. Generally speaking, there are â€Å"pro-sex† feminists who believe that women have the right to do what they wish with their bodies and there are â€Å"pro-censorship† feminists who believe pornography is inherently degrading and violent towards women. In this paper I am going to discuss the views and opinions held by each f action of the pornography debate and I will discuss the pros and cons of each view andRead MoreA Brief Note On The Culture Of Terrorism1518 Words   |  7 Pagesworld culture of terrorism that is used by propaganda and censorship to blur the politics of globalization and technology, and restructure a totalitarian society. This paper will argue that the businesses of â€Å"the U.S. media shill factory† (Borjesson, 2004, p.165), the plottings of the â€Å"brand based† (Klein, 2000, P.421) corporations, and the multi-national oil giants influence sectors of government by using deliberate strategies of censorship and propaganda to discredit government effectiveness, alienateRead MoreShould Censorship Be Banned From Social Media Platform?1523 Words   |  7 Pagesbeliefs on social media, can your content get flagged as inappropriate? The answer to both of these questions is yes, and it is blatant censorship. Censorship by definition is â€Å"the suppression or prohibitio n of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security† (Oxford University Press). Censorship regularly imposes certain beliefs on the masses. The practices of suppressing free speech and hindering public communication is extremelyRead MoreThe Debate About Censorship1495 Words   |  6 PagesThe Debate about Censorship Censorship, the control of the information and ideas circulated within a society, has been a characteristic of dictatorships throughout history. In the 20th Century, censorship was achieved through the examination of books, plays, films, television and radio programs, news reports, and other forms of communication for the purpose of altering or suppressing ideas found to be objectionable or offensive. There have been assorted justifications for censorship, with some censorsRead MoreFreedom Of The Media And Freedom Of Speech1540 Words   |  7 PagesChina, where â€Å"censorship was considered a legitimate instrument for regulating the moral and political life of the population† (Mette), but this method of governing has a major flaw. Having such a regulated system causes a great amount of distrust and distaste for the government to form within the population and it is evident throughout US history that most americans do not like anyone telling them what they can and cannot do in their own county. Having a strict system of censorship also creates aRead MoreEverybody Knows Big Porn Is Destroying Relationships Essay855 Words   |  4 Pagesaddictive practice for some individuals. Censorship plays a major role in the pornography industry, as with any media outlet, it needs to be regulated. It can be defined as the control of the information and ideas circulated within a society (Global Internet Liberty Campaign, 2013). Since the shift of sexual revolution in the 60’s, there are only two sides to viewing the adult industry; you are either for or against it, there are no fence sitters. Censorship laws act to continually defend those whoRead MoreHow Censorship Is Necessary Or Harmful?2561 Words   |  11 Pages A. Introduction Censorship is a program that has limitations on quite a number of things online. There has always been a sense of divergence with internet users on whether or not censorship is necessary or actually needed. Everyone has their own beliefs. A number of people believe that some things must be censored, while others thinks that everyone must have the freedom to watch anything they wants or search any of the information they want. B. i) Internet growth and evaluation When you come toRead MoreThe Effects Of Internet On The Internet2010 Words   |  9 PagesThe internet is more readily available today than it has even been before; Individuals feel that they can implement their freedom of speech right on the internet as they please. This raises concerns about how we can regulate offensive or harmful forms of speech such as pornography, hate speech. The internet has actually created special problems for censoring and posting materials online. In this paper I will discuss the most feasible way of regulating online content, when to draw the line between

Thursday, December 19, 2019

The World s Second Largest World Economy - 1289 Words

Question Two: China has risen from the Third World status in 1979 to become the second largest world economy behind only the United States. The Japanese economy was the world’s second largest for decades until it was surpassed by China in 2010, and it remains comfortably the world’s third largest. South Korea’s economy, 15th largest in the world, is three quarter as large as Spain and 44 percent bigger than turkey’s. All three nations are important world trading nations (Moran, Abramson, Moran, 2014). Both Japanese and Korea cultures have been significantly influenced by the diffusion of Chinese culture. A critical factor distinguishing Asian cultures from that of other peoples is their ancient philosophies and religions. Confucian†¦show more content†¦Today, in order to align with the change of the global world, it will be change to reasonable with electronic communication. If I were responsible for a multicultural workforce with persons from Japan are langua ge and communication, time, values and standards, decision making and so on. First, language and communication is complex, subtle, and predictable. Second, it is very important to be on time, in Japan, most everything will run on time. Third, values and standards the dominant Japanese ethos includes familial relationships, loyalty, conformity, and the collective good. Then decision making is important too, the Japanese value decision by consensus, before action is taken, much time is spent on defining the question. If I were responsible for human resource management in an American/Chinese joint venture in China-training, some of difficulties I might face are China is a culture that values harmony in interpersonal interactions, perceive conflict is easily interpreted as loss of â€Å"face† or disrespectful. Chinese are not comfortable making recommendations or suggestions publicly, understanding nonverbal signal is the key to work with Chinese people (Moran, Abramson, Moran, 2014). QuestionShow MoreRelatedChina s Economy Is Becoming The World s Second Largest Economy Behind The United States1234 Words   |  5 Pageseconomic reforms and adopting the open policy in 1978, China’s economy has experienced a spectacular growth and achieved a remarkable success over the past three decades. In particular, according to the government figures released on August 16th 2010, China’s economy in the second quarter has slightly surpassed Japan’s in terms of gross domestic product. This milestone suggests that China is becoming the world’s second-largest economy behind the United States. At the same time, the opportunities createdRead MoreChinas Economic Growth1224 Words   |  5 Pagesdomestic economy. China’s economic growth is expanding at a great pace, while other countries may be at a standstill. China has been the world s fastest-growing economy. One of the main stimuli twelve years ago was the release of Hong Kong to China from Great Britain. The second largest stimulus was the opening of free trade with other countries, in which China was originally a closed trade country. Foreign trade and investment have played a crucial role in the growth of the Chinese economy. Its foreignRead MoreLocation Strategy and Layout Strategy of Ikea1333 Words   |  6 Pageswas founded in 1943. Today it is the world s largest furniture retailer, recognized for its Scandinavian style. There are 310 stores in 38 countries and regions of the whole world, of which 8 stores are in mainland of china. They are Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Dalian, Chengduand Nanjing. II. The Location Strategy of IKEA 1. Political risk, economy and culture a. The regime of politics and Government rules The People s Republic of China is a  single-party state  governedRead MoreThe United States Of America Essay1694 Words   |  7 Pagespeople think. The United States of America is facing problems a lot of people are either unaware of or just dont think its a big deal. Most of america think that our economy and government is in alright financial shape, That may not be the case though. America is in bad shape and it seems to be going down hill. America is declining in world power as well and this is just another factor leading to a crash in the future. Other nations are growing a lot more powerful than they have been in the past causingRead Morebilet 31023 Words   |  5 PagesÃ'‚Ð µÃ ºÃ' Ã'‚ Ð ¸ Ð ¾Ã'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'‚Ã'Å'Ã'‚Ð µ Ð ½Ã ° Ð ²Ã ¾Ã ¿Ã'€Ð ¾Ã' Ã'‹: WHAT IS MACROECONOMICS? Macroeconomics provides us with a bird s-eye view of a country s economic landscape. Instead of looking at the behavior of individual businesses and consumers—called microeconomics—the goal of macroeconomics is to look at overall economic trends such as employment levels, economic growth, balance of payments, and inflation. The study of the world economy, for example, is essentially a macroeconomic survey. Just as the speed of an engine is regulatedRead MoreChina Is A Country That Affects The World And The Way People Live991 Words   |  4 PagesChina is a country that affects the world and the way people live. China has the second largest economy and it grows through time. They have a large wealth of many minerals and natural resources, which include coal, iron, copper, limestone and much more. These reserves of mineral and natural resources help provide China with a steady foundation for rapid industrial growth. China is quickly growing and it’s population is increasing enormously. It’s booming economy and industry are a huge catalyst forRead MorePakist A Regional And Middle Power1046 Words   |  5 Pagesmiddle power, Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed force in the world and is a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state. They are the only nation in the Muslim world and the second Country in South Asia to have that status. It has a semi-i ndustrialized economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector; its economy is the 26th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and is one of the largest growing economies in the world. The goal of this paper is to give a betterRead MoreA Comparison of Life in Four Contrasting Countries: The USA, the UK, China and Bangladesh1652 Words   |  7 Pagesincredibly flat, with much of the country below one meter sea level. The USA , UK and China have mountain ranges, such as the Rocky Mountains in the USA, the Ben Nevis in the UK and the Himalayas in China. Natural Resources The USA has the worlds largest coal reserves, with a total of 491 billion tons. This accounts for 27% of the worlds total coal reserves. The UK and China’s main natural resources are coal, petrol, natural gas and iron ore, whilst Bangladesh’s are natural gas, arable land, timberRead MoreWhen we as in the individuals think about what a Superpower is, we usually think that it’s pretty1000 Words   |  4 Pages The superpowers countries in the world are most effective in doing some political or either economic decisions. There are a number of factors that you must contribute to become a superpower including military resources, political influence, economic power and human resources. Military power is the most valued consideration that helps in becoming a country superpower. France for instance, its economy is ranked as the ninth largest in the world and fourth largest in the Europe by purchasing powerRead MoreIndonesia Is An Archipelago Nation Consisting Of More Th an1591 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Second World War Indonesia declared independence. After the Indonesian Independence Revolution, the Dutch granted Indonesia sovereignty in 1949 (Ricklefs 1991) (Reid (1973). Indonesia is the world’s third-largest democratic state, and has the world s fourth-largest population (UN 2016). In addition, Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country, where a relaxed form of Islam blends well with its secular style of democracy (CIA 2017) (UNSDIR 2009). Regional Influence Indonesia s economy is the